29
Sep

Ebook Pricing for a Foreign Market – Eurozone and Eastern Europe

It is always exciting to read and write about faraway lands and cultures. But our ebook pricing tour has finally reached my home market: Europe. Is there more to the Eurozone than just – Euro? What and who decides ebook prices?

As many of our readers are indeed from Europe, we would be really interested to know what works for you, what strategies have you used?

What influences pricing in Europe?

One of the biggest challenge publishers of mainland Europe face is the case of high VAT. Unlike American and British ebooks, books bought all over Europe are subject to high (even as much as 27%!) VAT. This results in higher ebook prices in general: in order for the publishers to get anything back after VAT and distribution costs have been deducted the prices can’t be kept at 1 euro. (VAT is calculated based on the buyer’s country.)

Another factor in setting the ebook prices is fixed book price agreements. These agreements are held up by many countries in the Western world and are aimed to enable bibliodiversity. The publishers argue that stores can only stock niche books, if they can still get a margin on bestsellers. It comes in many forms, but they all go back to the same idea: publishers set the prices and stores are only able to marginally discount them (around 5%). Variants of the law are only valid for home published books or only for a certain period after publishing.

The opposers of FBP agreements argue that this is only a weapon in publishers’ hand to artificially keep book prices high and is against the buyers’ needs. The supporters see FBP as the only way to enable bookstores to store quality books that are only interesting for a specific audience. Although stocking is not an issue when it comes to ebooks, FBP is also in use when defining ebook prices, resulting in generally higher prices than in the UK or US.

Some European countries with FBP are: Germany, Austria, Denmark, Spain, France, Greece.

Germany and France

Germany is the biggest book market of Europe, closely followed by France. The market is slowly growing: both Germans and French people love to read. Due to the FBP agreements, both countries have a strong chain of smaller retailers independent from Amazon.

However, the ebook market is still tiny: according to a recent survey (pdf) by FEP, ebooks all around Europe have only a 6% of market share. This is no different for the big markets either. (But hey, it doesn’t account for self-publishers! That’s just simply nobody knows.) Based on this great article, the French market is pretty much open to translations and the competition might be smaller.

Popular stores and price tiers in Germany and France based on our data

According to current PublishDrive sales data, Amazon is down to 50-60% with the rest going to Scribd, Google Play, iBooks and Kobo. The biggest category is fiction in both countries, accounting for around 64% of the sales.

Books priced at 2.99 GBP are usually priced up to 3.99 or even 4.99 EUR and sell well both in Germany and in France accounting for the second best working price tier. Books priced under 0.99 EUR account for 19% of total sales from these two countries.

Pricing an ebook in Europe
Pricing an ebook in Europe

While you can’t change your prices set in Euros depending on the country your books will be sold (not even for independent retailers, as Amazon will match the price) and it will be priced evenly, you can change it for countries outside the Eurozone.

Eastern Europe

The following countries from Eastern Europe are members of the EU but not of the Eurozone: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. While Amazon is available from these countries (and offers free shipping to countries like Hungary), it is not the biggest force at the market. No wonder: from an Easter European perspective, book prices set in Euros could be way out of people’s comfort zone.

Ebooks on the local language are mostly bought from local stores. For buying foreign language books, many people turn to Google Books that is already pre-installed on Android phones and tablets – and shows prices in the local currency, making it easier for people to decide what to buy. Subscription services like Scribd and Bookmate are also hugely popular.

If we only look at the English language books, the best category is fiction, accounting for 34% of total sales in the area.

Pricing an ebook in Europe

When it comes to pricing, free does not work: the best tier is under 1 EUR but not free or between 2-3 EUR. Interestingly, ebooks on the local languages are priced substantially higher, between 7-9 EUR.

Pricing an ebook in Europe

Of course, if you are setting the price individually, you’ll need to use the local currency instead Euro.

CountryLocal currencyBest working price tier
BulgariaLev1.5 – 5.5 BGN
CroatiaKuna7.5 – 22.5 HRK
Czech RepublicKoruna26 – 78 CZK
HungaryForint300 – 1000 HUF
PolandZłoty4 – 12 PLN
RomaniaLeu4.5 – 13.5 RON

As PublishDrive is based in Hungary, most of our customers still come from the European region: it was very interesting to finally conduct research based on our own data. This kind of detailed and easy to digest information on best working genres, stores and price tiers is available for everyone selling through PublishDrive.

And since we are talking about Germany anyway: see you at the Frankfurt Bookfair?

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  • Fixed book price regulation in most cases does not apply to e-books. Makes no sense in the first place, this regulation is intended to give equal opportunity to independent print book sellers and bookstores.

    Amazon does not support publication of e-books in none of the Eastern Europe languages. If published with wrong metadata language information, the books are removed from sale.

    The list of supported languages for KDP is available here:

    https://kdp.amazon.com/en_US/help/topic/A9FDO0A3V0119

    And this is why Amazon holds a minor market share – but it still is the most popular store for books in English and other major languages.

    Most Eastern Europeans have no problems with euros, it’s our secondary currency and we are very much used to see prices in euros, to think in euros etc. This poses no problem in any way.

    The exchange rates of most EE currencies is more or less fixed to euro, with no big changes for years.

    No Frankfurt…. Too busy 🙁

    • Thank you for pointing out that Amazon does not support Eastern European languages, you are absolutely right and this is a very good point I forgot to mention.

      On the other hand, FBP does not make sense in case of ebooks but still is applied anyway in Germany and France for example.